Was the collaboration secret?
The collaboration between Rylander’s research groups and the tobacco industry was well known to colleagues, the Universities and Publishers. These are the facts.
The first scientific publication together with an author from the tobacco industry was in 19671. Other joint publications followed in 1971, 1980, and 1990.
Several symposia were arranged with tobacco industry funding, the first in 19652. Other such symposia were held in 1970, 1974, 1984, and 1990. They clearly acknowledged financial support from tobacco interests.
Rylander participated in meetings arranged by the National Cancer Institute, the Environmental Protection Agency and several smaller meetings where his relation to the tobacco industry was well known and accepted.
Staff at the laboratories and the administration departments of the Universities of Geneva and Gothenburg were familiar with the relationship, and an exchange of scientists and technical personnel from the laboratories in Geneva and Gothenburg took place with INBIFO in Germany. No complaints about the collaboration or source of funding were ever raised by anyone from the Universities.
The relationship to PM was clearly declared in letters to the Editors in several scientific journals.